Botanical Name: Acacia auriculaeformis
Synonym: Acacia auriculaeformis Benth.
Common Name: Australian wattle, coast wattle, Darwin black wattle, earleaf acacia, earpod black wattle, earpod wattle, Japanese acacia, nothern black wattle, Papua wattle, tan wattle
Seed collection period: Jan- April
Seed longevity:6-12 months
Description: Acacia auriculiformis is an evergreen tree that grows between to 15–30 m tall, with a trunk up to 12 m long and 50 cm in diameter. It has dense foliage with an open, spreading crown. The trunk is crooked and the bark vertically fissured. Roots are shallow and spreading. Leaves 10–16 cm long and 1.5-2.5 cm wide with 3-8 parallel nerves, thick, leathery and curved. Flowers are 8 cm long and in pairs, creamy yellow and sweet scented.
Uses: This plant is raised as an ornamental plant, as a shade tree and it is also raised on plantations for fuel wood throughout southeast Asia, Oceania and in Sudan. Its wood is good for making paper, furniture and tools. It contains tannin useful in animal hide tanning. In India, its wood and charcoal are widely used for fuel. Gum from the tree is sold commercially, but it is said not to be as useful as gum arabic.The tree is used to make an analgesic by indigenous Australians.Extracts of Acacia auriculiformis heartwood inhibit fungi that attack wood.