Botanical Name: Calophyllum inophyllum
Synonyms: Calophyllum inophyllum f. oblongata Miq., Calophyllum inophyllum L.
Common Name: Alexandrian laurel, balltree,beach calophyllum,beach touriga, beautyleaf,Borneo-mahogany, Indian doomba oiltree, Indian-laurel, laurelwood, red poon,satin touriga, and tacamahac-tree.
Seeds collection period: July- June
Calophyllum inophyllum is a medium-sized tree up to 25 m tall, sometimes as large as 35 m, with sticky latex either clear or opaque and white, cream or yellow; bole usually twisted or leaning, up to 150 cm in diameter, without buttresses. Outer bark often with characteristic diamond to boat shaped fissures becoming confluent with age, smooth, often with a yellowish or ochre tint, inner bark usually thick, soft, firm, fibrous and laminated, pink to red, darkening to brownish on exposure. Crown evenly conical to narrowly hemispherical; twigs 4-angled and rounded, with plump terminal buds 4-9 mm long. Leaves elliptical, thick, smooth and polished, ovate, obovate or oblong (min. 5.5) 8-20 (max. 23) cm long, rounded to cuneate at base, rounded, retuse or subacute at apex with latex canals that are usually less prominent; stipules absent.
The bisexual flowers are pollinated by insects such as bees. The flowering and fruiting periods vary. In India, the flowers appear in May-June and sometimes again in November. It has been suggested that apomixis may occur in Calophyllum, resulting in polyembryony. Trees often bear fruit throughout the year.
Food, Timber, Tannin or dyestuff, Lipids, Medicine