Cycas Circinalis

Cycas Circinalis

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Cycas circinalis, also known as the queen sago, is a species of cycad known in the wild only from southern India.

Cycads are an ancient group of seed plants with a crown of large compound leaves and a stout trunk. Cycads are dioecious plants, or in other words, there are separate male and female plants.
The female plant produces the seeds, and the male produces cones with pollen in them. 
Queen Sago is often the focal point in a large yard. The Sago Palm is not a palm, but a cycad. Cycads are known to be among the oldest group of seed plants on earth, surviving unchanged for millions of years.
The feathery leaves of this species arranged in a rosette pattern add a sense of the tropics to the landscape. The leaves are bright green, semiglossy, 150-250 cm long, flat  in section, with 170 leaflets, tomentum shedding as leaf expands. Male Sago plants develop a cone approximately 30 cm tall coming from the center of the top. The cone is white or yellow, rounded and produces abundant pollen.

The seeds are quite large and are brown or yellow and are displayed on the feather-like seed-bearing leaves. The seeds have a spongy layer that allows them to float on water. As a slow growing plant, the seed can take from 6–18 months to germinate. Queen Sago is pollinated by a species of weevil, which finds protection in the plant's cone and seed-bearing leaves. 

Cycas circinalis is now known to be an Indian endemic, restricted to the Western Ghats, in the states of Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and the south of Maharashtra.