Dalbergia sissoo, known as Shisham, is an erect deciduous tree, native to the Indian Subcontinent and Southern Iran. It is also called sissoo, sisu, sheesham, tahli and sometimes referred to as Indian Rosewood. In Persian it is called Jag. It is state tree of Punjab state (India) and provincial tree of Punjab province (Pakistan). It is primarily found growing along river banks below 900 metres elevation, but can range naturally up to 1,300 m. The temperature in its native range averages 10-40°C, but varies from just below freezing to nearly 50°C . It can withstand average annual rainfall up to 2,000 millimetres and droughts of 3-4 months. Soils range from pure sand and gravel to rich alluvium of river banks; shisham can grow in slightly saline soils. Seedlings are intolerant of shade. It is also the wood that the Rajasthani percussion instrument 'Kartaals' are often made from.