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Leucaena Leucocephala

Leucaena Leucocephala

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Leucaena leucocephala

Leucaena leucocephala is a species of small Mimosoid tree that is native to southern Mexico and northern Central America (Belize and Guatemala) but now naturalized throughout the tropics. Common names include White Leadtree, Jumbay, and White Popinac. The specific name is derived from the Greek words , meaning "white", and , meaning "head", referring to its flowers. It is known as Subabool in India. L. leucocephala is used for a variety of purposes, such as firewood, fiber and livestock fodder. Leucaena leucocephala has been considered for biomass production, as its reported yield of foliage corresponds to a dried mass of 2000-20000 kg/ha/year, and that of wood 30-40 m³/ha/year, with up to twice those amounts in favorable climates. It is also efficient in nitrogen fixation, at more than 500 kg/ha/year. It has a very fast growth rate, young trees reach a height of more than 20 ft in 2-3 years.

Scientific classification

Kingdom:

Plantae

(unranked):

Angiosperms

(unranked):

Eudicots

(unranked):

Rosids

Order:

Fabales

Family:

Fabaceae

Subfamily:

Mimosoideae

Tribe:

Mimoseae

Genus:

Leucaena

Species:

L. leucocephala

Binomial name

Leucaena leucocephala