Phoenix Canariensis

Phoenix Canariensis

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Phoenix canariensis is a species in the palm family Arecaceae, native to the Canary Islands. It is a relative of Phoenix dactylifera, the true date palm. It is a large solitary palm, 10-20m tall. The leaves are pinnate, 4-6 m long, with 80-100 leaflets on each side of the central rachis. The fruit is an oval, yellow to orange drupe 2 cm long and 1 cm diameter and containing a single large seed; the fruit pulp is edible but too thin to be worth eating.

The most used common name in English is "Canary Island date palm". The common name in Spanish speaking countries and in the Canary Islands is "Palmera Canaria". It is also widely known as the pineapple palm. It is the natural symbol of the Canary Islands, together with the Serinus canaria (Canary bird).

The palm is easily recognized through its crown of leaves and trunk characteristics. It is not uncommon to see Canary Island date palms pruned and trimmed to enhance the appearance.When pruned, the bottom of the crown, also called the nut, appears to have a pineapple shape.