Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the leadwood tree family, Combretaceae, that is native to the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia. It is known by the common names ketapang (Indonesian), Bengal almond, Singapore almond, ebelebo, Malabar almond, Indian almond, tropical almond, sea almond, beach almond, Talisay tree, umbrella tree, abrofo nkatie (Ghana), tavola (Fiji).
It grows to 35 m (115 ft) tall, with an upright, symmetrical crown and horizontal branches. Terminalia catappa has corky, light fruit that are dispersed by water. The seed within the fruit is edible when fully ripe, tasting almost like almond. As the tree gets older, its crown becomes more flattened to form a spreading, vase shape. Its branches are distinctively arranged in tiers. The leaves are large, 15-25 cm long and 10-14 cm broad, ovoid, glossy dark green, and leathery. They are dry-season deciduous; before falling, they turn pinkish-reddish or yellow-brown, due to pigments such as violaxanthin, lutein, and zeaxanthin.