Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is an annual plant in the family Fabaceae, with leaves consisting of three small obovate to oblong leaflets. It is cultivated worldwide as a semiarid crop, and its seeds are a common ingredient in dishes from the Indian subcontinent.
An erect annual to 50 cm. which may be branched, the leaves are trifoliate and the leaflets oblong-lanceolate, to 5 cm. Its yellowish flowers 12 – 18 mm long (1 – 2) are in the leaf axils. The fruits are almost straight and flattened with a pronounced beak ;they are 50 – 110 mm long excluding the beak of 10 – 35 mm. Chromosome number 2n=16. The seeds are brownish, about 1/8 inch long, oblong, rhomboidal, with a deep furrow dividing them into two unequal lobes; they are contained, ten to twenty together, in long, narrow, sickle-like pods. There are about 50 000 seeds per kilogramme.
Fenugreek is a fodder of very ancient cultivation in Mediterranean countries. A highly aromatic plant which is used as a pot-herb, spice and fodder. It is widely grown in India and neighbouring countries as a flavouring and fodder, and in North Africa and Western Asia as a fodder and spice. The dried leaves of a small, clover-like, rosette forming, small-seeded type (Kasuri methi) var.corniculata (or sometimes Trigonella corniculata) is grown in Punjab and its foliage marketed dried as a flavouring.